Freshwater Redoubt

Freshwater, UK
Posted on June 14, 2023 / 2
Listing Type : Coastal Battery
Location : England

Freshwater Redoubt was constructed between 1855 and 1856 to protect the Freshwater Bay Beach which it overlooked.  A deep dry moat was cut to protect the landward approaches, with a large caponier to provide flanking fire.  The cliff protected the sea side of the Redoubt.

The Lower Battery covered the beach with three 8-inch SB howitzers when built.  This was remodelled in 1891 to mount two 6-pdr QF and a single Maxim machine gun.  A single pivot and racer for one of the old 8-inch howitzers survived between the two new 6-pdr mounts.

Upper (South) Battery of four guns faced South.  Initial armament was four guns, with a 7-inch RBL on each salient and two 64-pdr RML guns in the centre.  The East Salient 7-inch RBL emplacement survives but the other three gun positions have now been lost.  In 1893 the &-inch guns were removed, and the battery prepared to mount two 4.7-inch guns but the idea was dropped five years later.  The Upper Battery was then used as a training battery with two 12-pdr and three 6-pdr QF guns.

The Caponier has recently been rebuilt as part of a private residence.

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