Durban was established by a British as a trading port with effect from 1824 when the Shaka the Zulu King granted a 25 mile strip of land to a Lt. Francis George Farewell who had assisted him to recover from an injury. A British settlement developed from this grant of land. The town of Durban was started in 1835. Fort Victoria was the first British fortification built in Durban by 1842, primarily to stop the Boers from moving into the area.
Royal Commission Appointed to Enquire into the Defence of British Possessions and Commerce Abroad 1879 to 1883 under the Earl of Carnarvon, designated Durban as a Defended Commercial Port.